UNEP/EUROBATS

Myotis bechsteinii

Print-friendly version
Photographer: 
David Garcia
Myotis bechsteinii
Species authority: 
Kuhl, 1817
(EN) Bechstein's Bat; (FR) Murin de Bechstein; (DE) Bechsteinfledermaus; (ES) Murciélago de Bechstein;
Class: 
MAMMALIA
Order: 
CHIROPTERA
Family: 
Vespertilionidae
 
Species details: 

Bechstein's bat is a medium-sized bat with a wingspan of 250-300mm. It has reddish brown dorsal fur and characteristic long ears that can reach 8 - 10mm beyond its muzzle.

A rare bat in Europe, it is closely associated with mature, deciduous woodlands (beech and oak) and is known to roost in tree holes, tree trunks but also underground. While male M. bechsteinii tend to be solitary, females gather in maternity roosts of up to 30 individuals.
 
This species uses quiet echolocation calls (a 'whispering' bat) for hunting in a cluttered environment and picks moths, beetles among other insects off foliage or the ground.
 
M. bechsteinii is a very sedentary species with summer and winter roosts only a few kilometers apart.
IUCN status: 
Near threatened
Population Trend: 

Decreasing according to the IUCN Redlist.

Myotis bechsteinii distribution map
Geographic Range: 

M. bechsteinii is distributed across central and southern Europe (including islands) and in the Caucasus region and Asia Minor. 

Threats: 

Threats to this species include the inappropriate management and development of woodland habitats, intensive agriculture and human disturbance of roost sites. 

Summaries of conducted projects:
Publications:
This site is maintained by the UNEP/EUROBATS Secretariat. © 2015 UNEP/EUROBATS UNEP EUROBATS